Developed by science and technology studies (STS) scholars Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, the sociologist John Law, and others, it can more technically be described as a "material-semiotic" method. They also assume that networks of relations are not intrinsically coherent, and may indeed contain conflicts. Moral and political positions are possible, but one must first describe the network before taking up such positions. ", Seio Nakajima. ", See e.g. It contains many electronic and mechanical components, all of which are essentially hidden from view to the driver, who simply deals with the car as a single object. This means that it maps relations that are simultaneously material (between things) and semiotic (between concepts). Señala la importancia de lo tecnológico en la explicación del mundo, tratándolo de una manera equivalente a la manera en que se trata lo social. En este contexto, donde la concepción de interrelación es mucho más explícita, la teoría del actor-red consigue identificar en un mismo nivel y a la vez unificar los artefactos tecnológicos con lenguajes de programación y actos humanos, todos ellos actantes en conjuntos holísticos. Para ello se emplea el análisis de palabras asociadas que pone de manifiesto las redes, su posición estratégica y su evolución o traducción. This use of the term "network" is very similar to Deleuze and Guattari's rhizomes; Latour[6] even remarks tongue in cheek that he would have no objection to renaming ANT "actant-rhizome ontology" if it only had sounded better, which hints at Latour's uneasiness with the word "theory". It is not, in other words, a theory "of" anything, but rather a method, or a "how-to book" as Latour[1] puts it. Para llevarlos a término de aplicación, no deja claro el punto donde se debe incidir. [1] Although it is best known for its controversial insistence on the capacity of nonhumans to act or participate in systems or networks or both, ANT is also associated with forceful critiques of conventional and critical sociology. L’innovation dans (et par) un Acteur-réseau: les « Actants » et les traductions successives . "[24], In the study of Christianity by anthropologists, the ANT has been employed in a variety of ways of understanding how humans interact with non-human actors. Este es el caso de la ANT, mientras que para el socioconstruccionismo, la tecnología es vista como un producto de, desde y para la sociedad, pues se entiende la tecnología cómo una construcción social que cubre necesidades sociales. Amsterdamska, O. Desde el principio se intentó trabajar con el término "actante", ¿por qué mantenerlo en el nombre de la teoría?, además ¿porqué "actor" y no "actriz"? Los actores pueden ser representados siempre mediante redes de palabras. ), Science as Practice and Culture (pp. ANT explains a successful theory by understanding the combinations and interactions of elements that make it successful, rather than saying it is true and the others are false). Its links with largely US-originated work on large technical systems were reflected in its willingness to analyse large scale technological developments in an even-handed manner to include political, organizational, legal, technical and scientific factors. Thus, objects, ideas, processes, and any other relevant factors are seen as just as important in creating social situations as humans. [21], The actor–network theory can also be applied to design, using a perspective that is not simply limited to an analysis of an object's structure. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Latour claims that ANT is a ‘powerful way of rephrasing basic issues of social theory, epistemology, and philosophy’. ", "Making the Social Hold: Towards an Actor-Network Theory of Design", "Does God Exist in Methodological Atheism? École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory, "Actor-Network Theory: sensitive terms and enduring tensions", Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society, Bruno Latour: Hybrid thoughts in a hybrid world, A Sociology of Attachment: Music Amateurs, Drug Users, On Actor Network Theory: A Few Clarifications, Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St Brieuc Bay, "Using Actor-Network Theory to understand planning practice: Exploring relationships between actants in regulating low-carbon commercial development", "We have never been civilized: Torture and the Materiality of World Political Binaries. "[29] This implies that ANT does not account for pre-existing structures, such as power, but rather sees these structures as emerging from the actions of actors within the network and their ability to align in pursuit of their interests. Some authors talk of "after-ANT" to refer to "successor projects" blending together different problem-focuses with those of ANT.[5]. At first sight, the two frameworks are incommensurable since ANT assumes that human and non-human can be treated in the same way while Dooyeweerd maintains they are very different. Epistemological Chicken. From the ANT viewpoint, design is seen as a series of features that account for a social, psychological, and economical world. In his widely debated 1986 study of how marine biologists try to restock the St Brieuc Bay in order to produce more scallops,[12] Michel Callon has defined 4 moments of translation: problematization, interessement, enrollment and mobilisation of allies. 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