The main opposition party, Fine Gael was no well organised. She welcomed visits by senior British royals, most notably the Prince of Wales to Áras an Uachtaráin. The Korea Liberator: [2] Criticism of Robinson's failure to speak out while North Korea deliberately starved two million of its people to death, largely during her tenure (warning: graphic image). President Of Ireland. Born Mary Therese Winifred Bourke in Ballina, County Mayo in 1944, Mary Robinson was the daughter of two medical doctors. The founding members of this group also include Graça Machel, Kofi Annan, Ela Bhatt, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Jimmy Carter, Li Zhaoxing, Mary Robinson and Muhammad Yunus. Some background came via an interview with Mrs. Robinson. The Elders will be independently funded by a group of Founders, including Richard Branson, Peter Gabriel, Ray Chambers; Michael Chambers; Bridgeway Foundation; Pam Omidyar, Humanity United; Amy Robbins; Shashi Ruia, Dick Tarlow; andThe United Nations Foundation. On one trip to Belfast she met with the local MP, Gerry Adams, the President of Sinn Féin. Though she had initially announced her intention to serve a single four-year period, she extended the term by a year following an appeal from Annan, allowing her to preside over the 2001 World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance in Durban, South Africa, as Secretary-General. 2. Robinson decided not to seek re-election to the senate in 1989. Foreign Minister Dick Spring, who was leader of the Labour Party, privately advised her not to meet Adams. Robinson receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Barack Obama. It was her husband Nick (who she met at Trinity College, Dublin) who urged her think seriously about the Presidency, 20. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. She had been an academic, barrister, and member of the Irish senate from 1969 to 1989. Author David McWilliams described Robinson as "an advocate for the underprivileged", adding that "While so many of our political class do their utmost to shame, embarrass and ruin us, she is a beacon: a real reason to be proud to be Irish", 24. The Irish Post is the biggest selling national newspaper to the Irish in Britain. During her various visits to Northern Ireland, she in fact regularly met politicians of all parties, including David Trimble of the Ulster Unionist Party and John Hume of the Social Democratic and Labour Party. Also briefing notes issued on various occasions (notably state, official or personal visits by Robinson abroad) supplied by the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs, The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Buckingham Palace, Áras an Uachtaráin, the Holy See and the press offices of the United Nations (including [1] the text of her Romanes Lecture in November 1997). Newspaper reports say that she had been asked by Secretary General of the United Nations Kofi Annan to become a public campaigner. She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Fine Gael's Austin Currie in the 1990 presidential election, the first time Fianna Fáil had lost a presidential election. Featured, In the 1960s he abolished censorship, for example. One year later she agreed to become the first Labour candidate for the presidency and the first woman candidate in what was only the second presidential election to be contested by three candidates since 1945. But the government threatened to fall over the issue. Robinson was the first serving Irish President to visit the United Kingdom and meet Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace, 18. In 1971, as a Senator, Robinson attempted to introduce the first bill proposing to liberalise the law on contraception in Ireland and was sent hate mail and denounced for her efforts, 16. Lenihan became the first Fianna Fáil presidential candidate in the history of the office to lose a presidential election. Mrs Robinson is the twenty fourth, and first female, Chancellor of University of Dublin. One ancestor was a leading activist in the Irish National Land League in Mayo and the Irish Republican Brotherhood; an uncle, Sir Paget John Bourke, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II after a career as a judge in the Colonial Service; while another relative was a Roman Catholicnun. Lenihan denied he had pressured the President but then a tape was produced of an 'on the record' interview he had given to a postgraduate student the previous May where he talked about trying to apply pressure. As president she signed two very important Bills that she had fought for throughout her political career.

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